Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) – philosopher, astronomer, physician, inventor, constructor.
He was born in Pisa on February 15, 1564. He had been lived and studied in this city till he became 11 years old. Then he moved to Florence where he was educated in Benediction monastery. Then he entered Pisa University. The he had been studied medicine, geometry, philosophy and mathematics for three years.
Being unable to pay his education he went to Florence where he soon met marquis Monte. He assisted in Galileo’s engagement to Bologna University as mathematics teacher. Later Galilei taught in Pisa University and Padua University. It was one of the most fruitful periods in scientist’s life. His “Mechanics” work was published in 1593. In this work Galileo Galilei described his researches of falling objects, pendulum, proposed new principles of movement as a counter to Aristotle’s dynamics.
Thanks to his devotion by anatomy Galilei proved verity of heliocentrical model of the world. Then he by himself designed telescopes. His passion for astronomy allowed him to discover many of celestial objects. The scientist gained fame and recognition. Later he moved to Florence and became a councellor at Toscana court. There Galilei’s life is full of researches.
Galilei’s philosophy of Universe structure runs contrary to Bible. After publicizing of Copernicus’ ideas he was accused by inquisition and had to pronounce disavowal text. After short-time imprisonment he went back to his homeland. Cinematics and strength of materials were described in his last “Discourses and Mathematical Demonstrations Relating to Two New Sciences” work.
Galilei invented caliper, hydrostatic balance, thermometer, microscope etc.