Jane Austen (1775-1817) – English writer, born in priest’s family. First 25 years of her life Jane spent in Steventon at her father’s house. He was a vicar in Hampshire.
Her first novels were written there. They were: “Pride and Prejudice”, “Sense and Sensibility” and “Northanger Abbey” but they were not published for a long time.
After retirement of her father in 1801 her family moved to Bath and then in Southgampton. At last, her family settled in small house near Alton in Hampshire. This place was Jane’s house till the end of her life.
“Northanger Abbey” is a satire in gothic-romantic style which was sold to publisher for 10 pounds in 1803 but was not published and then it was bought back to Jane’s family. This work was published posthumously.
Intravitally published novels of Jane Austen are: “Sense and Sensibility” (1811), “Pride and Prejudice” (1813), “Mansfield Park” (1814) and “Emma” (1816).
Her “Persuasion” novel was published in 1818 together with “Northanger Abbey”. Name of the writer does not appear on any of the titles of her books, and though her own friends knew of her authorship, she almost did not get the public recognition in her lifetime.
Novels of Jane Austen are comedy of manners describing all-sufficient world of provincial ladies and gentleman. Most of her works concerns delicate question of husband temptation for marriage of daughters.
Jane is mostly noticed for her vivid characters description, her perfect irony and moral principles.
Jane ridicules stupidity, bluntness and pretence using ironical arguments from portrait descriptions in her early works to more contemptuous demonstrations in her late novels. Her works were extremely polished.
Jane understood her matchless skill and qualifications and compared herself with miniaturist.
Today she is considered as one of the greatest English novellists. Her short works represented by youth stories, “Lady Syusan” novel and fragments of “Sanditon”.